The name Babylonia was and still is used in a variety of contexts. In the geographical sense, it is a general term for southeastern Mesopotamia, as opposed to the term Assyria, denoting northwestern Mesopotamia. In a political context, Babylonia usually consisted of the national unit - country, land, province, or whatever - that included the city of Babylon and the surrounding territories that its rulers controlled. The Kassites, whose dynasty ruled the area from the sixteenth to the twelfth centuries b.c., called Babylonia Kardun-iash.
   Babylonia is also sometimes used to describe one or more of the larger Meso-potamian empires carved out by Babylonian rulers. When Hammurabi ascended Babylon's throne circa 1792 b.c., Babylonia encompassed an area barely 100 miles (161 km) in extent; however, at the height of his conquests imperial Babylonia stretched from the Persian Gulf in the southeast to the foothills of the Zagros range in the northwest, an area hundreds of times larger. Later, following the fall of the Assyrian Empire in about 612 b.c., the short-lived but splendid Neo-Babylonian Empire, created by Nebuchadnezzar II, encompassed all of Mesopotamia plus Syria and Palestine.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • Babylonia — • Includes geography, history, and biblical references Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Babylonia     Babylonia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • BABYLONIA — BABYLONIA, ancient country in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers; corresponding approximately to modern iraq . Babylonia is the Greek form of the name babili – sometimes translated as gate of God – known from cuneiform texts …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Babylonia — bezeichnet das antike Reich Babylonien eine Variante des Spiels Somawürfel Babylonia e.V., ein Sprachen und Kulturzentrum in Berlin den Alternativtitel des Filmes Die Sklavinnen von Damaskus Diese Seite ist e …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Babylonia — /bab euh loh nee euh, lohn yeuh/, n. an ancient empire in SW Asia, in the lower Euphrates valley: its greatest period was 2800 1750 B.C. Cap.: Babylon. * * * Ancient cultural region of the Tigris and Euphrates river system. The area was divided… …   Universalium

  • BABYLONIA — I. BABYLONIA Cognomen fuit Seleuciae, cuius (in confluente Euphratis fossâ perducti atque Tigris ???onditae a Seleuco, haud longe a Babylone) vicinitate exhausta est Babylon et in solitudinem redacta. De ea Plin. l. 6. c. 26. quae tamen Babylonia …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • BABYLONIA —    As a political term, Babylonia became current during the Kassite period when it was also known by its Kassite name Karduniash. It comprised the area south of the Jezirah up to the marshes of the Persian Gulf, bordered to the east and west… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Babylonia — noun an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king) • Syn: ↑Chaldaea, ↑Chaldea • Derivationally related forms: ↑Chaldean… …   Useful english dictionary

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